thesis littering in africa

Scandinavian countries, which regularly top the. Indeed, any presumption that middle class people have a greater dislike of litter than working class people or the poor needs itself to be questioned. It is no accident that in most if not all countries better-off residential areas are likely to be freer of litter than worse off localities. South Africa is a country whose industrial origins lie in mining, and mining systematically produces massive waste and pollution which often has hugely detrimental effects on the environment and public health. After all, poor people bear the brunt of the problem. For example, the expansion of the road system was accompanied by the massive expansion of white suburbia from the 1960s, where tellingly, pedestrians many of them black domestic workers going to and from work were denied pavements and left to walk in the road. Public interest, south Africa is a country still deeply divided along lines of race, class, and geography in which there may be a public, but a limited sense of public interest. Littering in protest is indicative of a discordant society, and a culture of littering can tell us a lot about a society's ethos.

This in turn requires the recognition of the importance of the problem. World Happiness Index, are relatively litter free. Their governments have long prioritised the collective interest and there is less social inequality than in similarly industrialised nations. Kenneth Galbraiths (1958) critique of, private Affluence and Public Squalor. It is common when municipal workers go on strike in South Africa to resort to upturning garbage cans and strewing litter around city centres. So much is obvious.

Legislation to curb use of plastic is spreading around the world, and, south Africa should not want to be left behind. This will mean a lot for our ability to bring you news, perspectives and analysis from the ground so that we can make change together. What is needed first is the political will. This culture continues today, sadly encouraged by lax governmental environmental supervision effective introductions research papers and excessive concern for profits, investment and private gain. Today, the South African environment is pockmarked by the detritus of mass consumption. Yes, the fast food industry and the supermarket chains, which have a fetish for unnecessary packaging, have much to answer for. Littering tells us a great deal about community spirit. Where there is litter, there is filth, and where there is filth, there is disease. Doubtless too, it is expressive of class, income, status and power.